RUBIN, EDGAR (1886–1951), Danish psychologist. He was professor of psychology at the university of his native Copenhagen. When the Germans overran Denmark during World War II Rubin sought refuge in Sweden. He returned to Denmark after the war, but died after protracted illness, brought on, in part, by the hardships suffered in his flight to Sweden. Rubin's work ranged widely and included studies of perceived movement, tactual and auditory senses, temperature, and gustation. He discovered paradoxical cold – the fact that cool stimuli 0.1–1.5° C below skin temperature arouse faint sensations of warmth. His best known discovery involved the finding that visual perception is normally divided into two parts, figure and ground.   Rubin's laws governing the selection of the figure were phenomenological in the tradition of husserl . They did not explain why a figure was selected but merely stated the conditions under which one structure among possible alternatives was selected. Although not a Gestalt psychologist himself, Rubin's ideas were quickly incorporated into Gestalt theory. Rubin did not approve of theories and schools of psychology. His position, as stated in his address to the Ninth International Congress of Psychology at New Haven, Connecticut, in 1929, was to let the facts speak for themselves. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: W.C.H. Prentice, in: American Journal of Psychology, 64 (1951), 608–9; D. Katz, in: Psychological Review, 58 (1951), 387–8. (Helmut E. Adler)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Рубин Эдгар / Rubin, Edgar — (1886 1951). Рубин наиболее известен своим диссертационным исследованием, посвященным изучению условий выделения фигуры из фона. При некоторых условиях фигура и фон могут меняться местами …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Edgar Rubin — Edgar John Rubin (September 6 1886 May 3 1951) was a Danish psychologist/phenomenologist, remembered for his work on figure ground perception as seen in such optical illusions like the Rubin vase. He once worked as a research associate for Müller …   Wikipedia

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  • Rubin — (Polish, German, Russian, Romanian, Serbian, Swedish, Danish and Yiddish word for Ruby) can refer to the following people:;Surnames * Alan Rubin, American musician * Andrejs Rubins * Arthur Rubin (b. 1956), American mathematician * Avi Rubin,… …   Wikipedia

  • Edgar Rubin — Edgar John Rubin (* 6. September 1886; † 3. Mai 1951) ist ein dänischer Psychologe und Phänomenologe, der durch seine Untersuchungen zur Figur Grund Relation bekannt wurde. In Deutschland wurden die Arbeiten Rubins vor allem von der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rubin vase — Rubin s vase (sometimes known as the Rubin face or the Figure ground vase) is a famous set of cognitive optical illusions developed around 1915 by the Danish psychologist Edgar Rubin. They were first introduced at large in Rubin s two volume work …   Wikipedia

  • Rubin's figure —    Also known as Rubin face, Rubin s face, Rubin vase, Rubin s vase, Rubin s vase face illusion, goblet figure, and figure ground vase. The eponym Rubin s figure refers to the Danish psychologist Edgar Rubin (1886 1951), who described the… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Jarrón de Rubin — Jarrón de Rubin. El jarrón de Rubin pertenece a una famosa serie de ilusiones ópticas cognitivas desarrollada alrededor de 1915 por el psicólogo danés Edgar Rubin. Fue introducida por primera vez en su obra Synsoplevede Figurer (Figuras visuales) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Carol Rubin — Carol A. Rubin (* 28. März 1945[1][2]; † 3. November 2001 in Sherman Oaks, Kalifornien) war eine US amerikanische Filmproduzentin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Eh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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